PAMZ Idle Free Tool Kit



PAMZ Idle Free Tool Kit

PAMZ Idle Free Tool Kit  (2017) Appendices

A. Planning Tools

A1. Idling Reduction Strategy- Olds

A2. Report to City Council, Dec.8  2015- Town of Sylvan Lake

A3. NRCan Objectives Planning Worksheet

A4. Example Terms of Reference- Lacombe County

A5.  MOU idle Reduction committee-Lacombe County/ PAMZ

A6 . MOU idle Reduction committee- Sylvan Lake/PAMZ

A7.  Partnership Agreement - Clean Air Day

A8.  SWOT Analysis

A9.  Constraints and Opportunities

A10.Environmental Literacy Ladder


B. Campaign Tools

B1.  Vehicle Idling fact sheet #1- PAMZ Idle Free Committee

B2.  Vehicle Idling fact sheet #2- PAMZ Idle Free Committee

B3.  Idle free poster- Town of Olds

B4.  Idle free brochure – Town of Olds'

B5.   Idle free fact sheet-Town of Olds

B6:   Idle free decal -City of Red Deer

B7.   Idle free sign- City of Red Deer

B8    Positive Intervention Model

B9.   Positive Intervention Form

B10.  Breathe Easy Fact Sheet- Town of Sylvan Lake

B11.  Breathe Easy Poster- Town of Sylvan Lake

B12.  Idling Violation Fine - Town of Sylvan Lake

B13.  Breathe Easy videos- Town of Sylvan Lake

B14.  Idle Reduction fact sheet- Lacombe County

B15.  Idle Reduction poster- Lacombe County

B16.  Idle Reduction pledge sheet- Lacombe County

B17.  PAMZ Idle Free Leaflet


C. Policy Tools

C1. Draft Idle Bylaw- Town of Olds

C2. Idle free Bylaw- City of Red Deer

C3. Corporate Anti – idling Policy- Town of Rocky Mountain House

C4. Sundre Anti- idling Corporate Policy

C5.  Anti-idling Policy for Company property (for businesses)-PAMZ


D. Technical & Engineering Tools

 D1. Webasto Heaters

 D2. Seven Technologies that can Slash Idling

 D3. Idling- Emergency Service Vehicles


E. Evaluation Tools

E1.    Survey- Town of Sylvan Lake

E2.    Pre-Survey results-Town of Sylvan Lake

E3.   Pre- survey notice to residents- Town of Sylvan Lake

E4.   Post survey results- Town of Sylvan Lake

E5.   Survey- Lacombe County

E6.   Survey costs- Banister for Lacombe County

E7.   Pre -Survey results- Lacombe County

E8.   Post survey results- Lacombe County

E9.   Idling observation forms- Lacombe county

E10  Idling observation  data- Lacombe County

F.  Additional Resources

F1. Project Planning Guide

F2 .Community Based Social Marketing At-A-Glance

F3. NRcan 10 Step Guide

F4 .Levels of Engagement


G. Photos

G1.   Lacombe County Idle Reduction Action Committee

G2.   Convening Meeting of the Town of Sylvan Lake Idle Reduction Committee

G3.   Lacombe County Vehicle Emissions Testing Clinic (LCVETC)

G4.    Analyzer wand testing exhaust (LCVETC)

G5.    Volunteer Testing  Vehicle Exhaust (LCVETC)

G6.    Volunteer collecting vehicle operator information (LCVETC)

G7     Volunteers discussing and gathering information (LCVETC)

G8.    Collecting forms on driver information and vehicle emissions analysis(LCVETC)

G9.    Emissions analyzer(LCVETC)

G10.  Computer collectiing data(LCVETC)

G11.   Picture Collage- participants making their pledge for Idle Reduction-Lacombe County


Why Do Canadians idle?

(The following is taken from: Natural Resources Canada 

Warming a vehicle up in the winter or cooling it down in the summer is the most common reason given for idling. 

Calculations drawn from a Canadian survey of driving habits and behaviour suggest that in the peak of winter‚ 

  • Many Canadian motorists idle their vehicles for about eight minutes a day‚ 
  • This results in a combined total of more than 75 million minutes of idling a day. 
  • One winter day alone uses over 2.2 million litres of fuel and produces over five million kilograms of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and is equal to the amount of fuel required to drive over 1100 vehicles for a year or to idle one vehicle for 144 years!

Surveys show that Canadians also idle their vehicles for many other reasons that include:

  • waiting for passengers
  • stopping at railway crossings
  • waiting to park
  • running quick errands
  • sitting in drive-through lanes
  • waiting to refuel or to have the car washed
  • stopping to talk to an acquaintance or friend
  • preparing to leave the house


Why Should I Stop Idling My Vehicle?

An idling vehicle contributes to pollution and subsequent health problems, wastes fuel, is bad for your engine and is completely unnecessary. This minor change in your habits will cost you nothing and save you money. It is the most simple and immediate step you can take to reduce emissions causing pollution. 

  • Pollution: Studies by Health Canada and community health departments show a direct link between contaminants in vehicle emissions and significant respiratory and other health effects such as asthma and heart disease. These studies conclude that poor air quality and smog, caused in part by vehicle exhaust, result in increased hospital admissions, respiratory illnesses and premature deaths, particularly in urban areas .Idling also contributes to climate change, adding more than 200,000 tonnes of greenhouse gases and air pollutants to the atmosphere.
  • Fuel waste: Ten seconds of idling uses more fuel than turning off and restarting the engine. For a typical three-litre engine, ten minutes of idling will consume approximately 0.3 litres of fuel per day. Over the course of a year, that adds up to some 100 litres of fuel, or about $110 at current gasoline prices. Collectively, idling wastes 90 million litres of fuel which is worth millions of dollars of loss.
  • Decreases engine life: Because an idling engine doesn't combust fuel completely, the resulting fuel residues can condense on cylinder walls, where they can contaminate oil, foul spark plugs and damage parts of the engine, causing premature engine wear. Excessive idling also lets water condense in the exhaust system, leading to corrosion. Turning the engine on and off has little impact on engine components such as the battery and starter.
  • Unnecessary: Contrary to popular belief, excessive idling is not an effective way to warm up your vehicle, even in cold weather. With today's fuel-injected cars, driving is much more effective than idling for warming up the whole car - including engine oil, transmission, tires, suspension, steering, wheel bearings and catalytic converter - and it does so in half the time. In cold weather it's best to start driving after no more than 30 seconds of idling. Just remember to avoid high speeds and rapid acceleration for the first five kilometres. 


How Can Individuals Reduce Their Idling?

  • Turn off your engine if you are stopped for more than 60 seconds, except while in traffic (e.g. waiting for passengers, sitting in drive through lanes at fast food outlets or banks, waiting to refuel, have an oil change or car wash, stopping to talk to an acquaintance or to talk on your cell phone). Turning off your engine has minimal impact on the starter system, and idling for more than 10 seconds uses more fuel than it takes to restart your vehicle.
  • Warm up your vehicle by driving it at a moderate speed. In most cases, you need no more than 2-3 minutes of idling from a cold start on winter days. 
  • Use a block heater in the winter to warm your engine before starting. A cold engine is at its worst for fuel consumption, engine wear and exhaust emissions. Block heaters can improve overall winter fuel economy by pre-warming the engine, coolant and oil. Use an automatic timer to turn on the block heater no more than two hours before you plan to drive.
  • Do not overuse your remote starter. People with remote starters sometimes start their vehicles long before they are ready to drive. Remote starts can result in needless idling and wasted fuel. If you use a remote starter, start your vehicle shortly before you are ready to drive away.
  • Make one long trip instead of several quick errand trips. Plan to combine your trips as taking short trips burns more fuel and can lead to more idling.
  • Leave the vehicle at home.  Walk, cycle, car pool or take public transit whenever you can.
  • Educate your family, friends and colleagues about the need to reduce idling.


“If Canadian motorists avoided idling for just three minutes every day of the year, CO2 emissions could be reduced by 1.4 million tonnes annually. This would be equal to saving 630 million litres of fuel and equivalent to taking 320,000 cars off of the road for the entire year. Eliminating unnecessary idling is one easy action that Canadians can take to reduce their GHG emissions that are contributing to climate change” (Natural Resources Canada 

Links to Some Resources to Start Idle Free Initiatives in Your Community

10 Step Guide to Implementing an Idling Reduction Campaign 

Go to

Free Resources- Idle Free BC

Go to

Idle Free Campaign Kit- Clean Air Partnership, Toronto

Go to:

Idle Free Tool Kit for Municipalities

Idle Free Businesses, Institutions & Industries – Red Deer

Idle Free Businesses

Focus Design Group